When it comes to cord blood banking, expectant parents have three options: (1) They can privately store their cord blood for their family, (2) They can take the public option and donate their cord blood for other families, or (3) They can do nothing, at which point the medical facility must dispose of the cord blood as medical waste. At Cryo-Cell International, we believe cord blood should not be discarded, which is why we operate as both a private and public cord blood bank.
Parents can choose to donate their baby’s cord blood to a public bank or to preserve it for their baby's or other family members’ potential future use. Parents should be fully informed of how each options compares prior to making a final decision.
What is Public Cord Blood Banking?
Public cord blood banking is the act of donating your baby's cord bood to be used by a family in need. Donating cord blood is absolutely free. The registry of donated cord blood available is kept by the National Marrow Donor Program and is called Be the Match®.
How and Where is Donated Cord Blood Used?
National Marrow Donor Program Be the Match® has stated that each day physicians of more than 6,000 men, women, and children are searching the registry for a potentially life-saving cord blood or bone marrow match16, and beginning in 2008, the number of cord blood transplants facilitated by the National Marrow Donor Program has been approximately the same as the number of bone marrow transplants17.
Through the National Marrow Donor Program, our public bank has supplied potentially life-saving cord blood units to patients. The program’s public cord blood inventory comprises high quality, ethnically diverse cord blood units, which have been used at 95 high-quality transplant centers located worldwide.
Donated cord blood has been used across the U.S.
|1. Dana–Farber Cancer Institute
2. Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital
3. Brigham & Women’s Hospital
4. University of Massachusetts Medical Center
5. Massachusetts General Hospital
6. Columbia Presbyterian Hospital
7. Westchester Medical Center
8. Mount Sinai
9. Memorial Sloan Kettering
10. Children’s Hospital of New York
11. Johns Hopkins University
12. Children’s National Medical Center
13. Medical College of Virginia
14. Hackensack University Medical Center
15. WVU Hospital
16. Duke University
17. West Virginia University Hospital
18. Arthur G. James Hospital
19. University Hospital of Cleveland
20. Children’s Hospital of Cincinnati
21. Cleveland Clinic
22. Children’s Hospital of Michigan
23. University of Michigan
24. Indiana University
25. Northwestern Memorial Hospital
|26. University of Chicago
27. Children’s Hospital WI
28. University of Wisconsin
29. Loyola University
30. University of Iowa
31. Barnes–Jewish Hospital
32. St. Louis Medical Center
34. Children’s Hospital of Atlanta
35. University of SC Medical Center
36. Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville
37. All Children’s Hospital
38. Moffitt Cancer Center
39. University of Miss. Medical Center
40. University of Kansas
41. University of Minnesota
42. Oklahoma Memorial Hospital
43. Columbia Hospital Dallas
44. Cook Children Medical Center
45. TX. Children’s Hospital
46. UT–MD Anderson
47. South Texas Cancer Institute
48. Texas Transplant Institution
49. University of Colorado
50. University of Utah
|51. Banner Health AZ
52. University of Arizona
53. San Diego
54. UCSD Cancer Center
55. Rady Children’s
56. Children’s Hospital of LA
57. City of Hope
58. Cedars–Sinai Medical Center
60. Stanford University Medical Center
61. Oregon Health & Sciences U.
62. Fred Hutchinson Res. Center
63. Western Penn. Cancer Center
64. University of Penn. Medical Center
65. University of Illinois, Chicago
66. Children’s Memorial of Illinois
67. Children’s Hospital of Orange County
68. Children’s Hospital/LSUHSC
69. St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital
70. Zalmen A. Arlin Cancer Institute
71. NY Presbyterian Cornell
72. Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
73. University of Alabama at Birmingham
74. Helen DeVos Children’s Hospital
75. University of Florida Shands Hospital
|Spanish Bone Marrow Donor Registry
|Swiss Unrelated Bone Marrow Donor Registry
|Incucia — National Registry of Donors
Buenos Aires, Argentina
|University Hospital Copenhagen
|Swiss Unrelated Bone Marrow Donor Registry
|Universidad Federal Do Parana
Curitiba Parana, Brazil
|Rambam Medical Center
|Leiden University Medical Center
|Anthony Nolan Research Centre
|Canadian Red Cross
|France Greffe De Moelle
|Dr. Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center
|Australian Bone Marrow Donor Registry
|Instituto Nacional de Cancer
Rio de Janerio
|San Camillo Forlanini
|Karolinska University Hospital
|German National Registry of Blood Stem Cell Donors
|Chaim Sheba Medical Center
Tel Aviv, Israel
|Bone Marrow Donor
|Marrow Donor Program
What are the Cons of Public Cord Blood Banking?
Public cord blood banks have a limited number of collection sites, which means not all parents will have the opportunity to donate even if they would like. In addition, public cord blood banks only retain a small number of high-quality collections and the rest is dispursed for other purposes. Once parents donate their cord blood, it is highly unlikely that the donation can ever be attained if the need arises. In addition, it may be hard to find another viable match from what is publically available. Finally, while donating is free, retrieving a public cord blood collection is not and pales in comparison to the overall cost of privately banking cord blood. These are just some of the reasons why privately banking cord blood may be the better option for some families.
Private vs. Public Cord Blood Banking
||Preserved for the child or other family members to treat nearly 80 diseases such as leukemia and lymphoma. Also immediately available for clinical trials treating conditions like autism or cerebral palsy
||Donated for a family in need to treat one of nearly 80 diseases or to further cord blood research. Not always accessible for clinical trials.
||A family that privately banks has full rights and immediate access to treat nearly 80 diseases or in more than 200 ongoing clinical trials
||A family that donates gives up rights and access. The baby's cord blood is sold to a family in need and who is granted full rights for use in treatments or certain clinical trials.
||Cord blood can be collected nearly anywhere with no harm to mother or child.
||Cord blood can be collected at many participating locations, with no harm to mother or child.
|Cost to Preserve
||Various options from which to choose including payment plans starting at $69 a month for a two-year term.
||Higher match. A perfect match for baby and a 75% chance of being a partial match for siblings, reducing risk of post-transplant graft-versus-host disease (GVHD).
||Suitable match. Public recipients will need to be a suitable match for transplant. GVHD is estimated to occur in 60%–80% of transplants where the donor and recipient are not related.
|Cost to Retrieve
||It is approx. $45,000 to purchase from a public bank.
Wish to Donate Your Cord Blood for Free?
Cryo-Cell operates as a public cord blood bank in partnership with Duke University Medical Center. Cryo-Cell's public bank has been chosen by the HRSA of the U.S. Department of Health, along with other leading banks such as those operated by M.D. Anderson and Duke University, as one of the nation's highest quality cord blood banks to help build the National Cord Blood Inventory. Public cord blood banks are regulated by stringent guidelines. In addition, we adhere to the high quality standards necessary for accreditation by the Foundation for the Accreditation of Cellular Therapy (FACT).
If you are delivering at any of the hospitals below and want to donate your baby’s cord blood, please discuss this with your obstetrician or the Cryo-Cell staff at the hospital.
- Scottsdale — HonorHealth Scottsdale Shea Medical Center
- Los Angeles — Cedars–Sinai Medical Center
- Miami — Baptist Hospital
- Miami — South Miami Hospital
- Orlando — Florida Hospital
- Orlando — Winnie Palmer Hospital for Women & Babies
- Dearborn — Oakwood Hospital & Medical Center