In the Cryo-Cell laboratory, only qualified technologists handle specimens, and the specimens are individually processed using the industry’s gold standard method to maximize the recovery of stem cells.

Cryo-Cell’s laboratory operates in accordance with the guidelines set forth by our Medical and Scientific Advisory Board. The board ensure the safety and efficacy of cord blood and cord tissue preservations. The team’s members represent specialties in obstetrics, gynecology, infectious diseases, pathology, hematology, oncology, immunology, stem cell and gene therapy.

Medical and Scientific Advisory Board

Joanne Kurtzberg, M.D.

Dr. Joanne Kurtzberg

Dr. Joanne Kurtzberg

Joanne Kurtzberg is an internationally renowned expert in pediatric hematology–oncology, pediatric blood and marrow transplantation, umbilical cord blood banking and transplantation, and the novel application of cord blood in the emerging fields of cellular therapy and regenerative medicine. Dr. Kurtzberg was also the first to use umbilical cord blood as an alternative to bone marrow in an unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), in 1993.

Over the last two decades, Dr. Kurtzberg has established an internationally known pediatric transplant program at Duke, which treats children with cancer, blood disorders, immune deficiencies, hemoglobinopathies and inherited metabolic diseases. In 2010, Kurtzberg established the Julian Robertson Cell and Translational Therapy Program (CT2) at Duke. CT2 focuses on translational studies from bench to bedside with a focus on bringing cellular therapies in regenerative medicine to the clinic. Recent areas of investigation in CT2, which are funded by the Marcus Foundation, include the use of autologous cord blood in children with neonatal brain injury, cerebral palsy, and autism as well as preclinical and clinical studies manufacturing microglial oligodendrocyte-like cells from cord blood to treat patients with acquired and genetic brain diseases. Studies of donor cord blood cells and donor cord tissue mesenchymal stem cells in adults with stroke and children with cerebral palsy or autism are also underway. In 2018, Dr. Kurtzberg established and became director of the Marcus Center for Cellular Cures (MC3) at Duke.

In 1998 at Duke, she also established one of the largest unrelated donor cord blood banks, the Carolinas Cord Blood Bank. It has an inventory of more than 40,000 units and has provided cord blood to more than 2,500 patients undergoing unrelated donor HSCT over the past 20 years. Dr. Kurtzberg’s lab has developed novel assays enumerating ALDH bright cells to predict cord blood potency from segments attached to cryopreserved cord blood units, and is performing translational research testing cord blood expansion, cellular targeted therapies and tissue repair and regeneration. In 2012, under the direction of Dr. Kurtzberg, the Carolinas Cord Blood Bank received FDA approval for DuCord, a stem cell product derived from umbilical cord blood, for use in transplants between unrelated donors and recipients. Dr. Kurtzberg currently holds several INDs for investigational clinical trials. Additionally, she is the co-director of the Duke Hospital Stem Cell Transplant Laboratory.

Dr. Kurtzberg has published more than 300 peer-reviewed papers, multiple chapters and many scientific reviews. She is a member of the American Society of Hematology, the American Association of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, the American Society of Pediatric Hematology–Oncology, the International Society of Cellular Therapies, the Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium (PBMTC), and multiple other organizations. She has served on the Board of the Foundation of Accreditation of Cellular Therapies, co-chaired the National Marrow Donor Program’s Cord Blood Advisory Group and has served on the Advisory Council of Blood Stem Cell Transplantation to Health and Human Services. Dr. Kurtzberg was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award from the PBMTC in 2012. Most recently, she established and is the first president of the Cord Blood Association.

Read more about Dr. Kurtzberg's contrbutions to cord blood banking.


Jonathan H. Wheeler, M.D.

Dr. Jonathan H. Wheeler

Dr. Jonathan Wheeler

Jonathan H. Wheeler, M.D., is a licensed physician specializing in the fields of Obstetrics and Gynecology. He has practiced in these fields in Newport Beach, California since 1992. Dr. Wheeler received his B.A. in Biology from the State University of New York (SUNY) at Buffalo. He completed his medical degree at Cornell University Medical College in 1986. His Obstetrics and Gynecology training was received at UCLA Medical Center in a combined internship and residency program. Dr. Wheeler is Board-certified in Obstetrics and Gynecology. He is a member of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists and the Orange County Obstetrics and Gynecology Society and is a Diplomat of the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology. In the past, Dr. Wheeler has served as chairman and vice chairman of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Hoag Hospital and has served on numerous committees including education, surgery and advancement of Women’s Health Services.