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Private vs. Public Banking


Cryo-Cell believes that cord blood should be saved, not discarded. While public cord blood banks serve a very useful purpose, parents should be fully informed of the considerations prior to deciding whether to donate their baby’s cord blood to a public bank or preserve it for their baby and/or other family members’ potential future use. It’s important to understand the differences before making the decision that’s right for you.


Private Banking vs. Public Banking
  Private Banking Public Banking
Individual's Rights to Cord Blood Stem Cells Client owns the cells; full rights are preserved. None. Donor relinquishes ownership upon donation.
Cost to Donor Client pays a one-time processing fee and annual storage fees. No cost. There is no cost to the donor, nor is a fee paid for the donation.
Collection Sites The collection for family banking can occur virtually anywhere. Limited access to collection services. Public banks only collect cord blood at a limited number of locations.
Access to One's Cells Virtually assured. Clients and their physicians control the use of their individual family’s stem cells. Not likely due to the following factors: 1) Approximately 70% of cord blood donated to public banks is discarded for not meeting process and storage criteria. Therefore, there is a reasonably high likelihood that a specific sample will not be in the public bank's inventory to begin with.
2) Public banks release cells when a good match is identified with an unrelated recipient. This is one more reason that the cells may not be in the public bank’s inventory.  
3) Once the cells have been donated to a public bank, most public banks’ consent forms do not provide a family the ability to retrieve them for private use when there is a need. 
Cost to Retrieve Cells for Transplant Cryo-Cell: None. The current average cost is $35,000 per public cord blood unit, included as part of the hospital bill.
Availability of Specimen for Timely Transplants Immediately available, once a match is confirmed. Search and match process may take weeks or months; ultimately, a match may not be located.
Transplant-Related Complications Using stem cells from a related donor significantly lowers the incidence of Graft vs. Host Disease (GVHD) where the transplanted cells react against tissues in the recipient and can be fatal. Graft vs. Host Disease (GVHD) is estimated to occur in 60-80 percent of transplants where the donor and recipient are not related.
Opportunity for Matching Autologous (self): 100% Match is guaranteed.

Siblings: 1-in-4 chance of a perfect match, 39% chance of a transplant-acceptable match.
Varies. It can be especially difficult to obtain matched cells in public banks for ethnic minorities and individuals of mixed ethnicity.
Future Therapeutic Opportunities Family banking creates the opportunity for use of one's own and a family member’s cells for future cellular therapies to potentially treat stroke, heart attack, diabetes, and a range of other serious medical conditions.  Uncertain. Donating cells to a public bank makes it less likely that the cells will be available to the donor for use in future therapies.

Our Partners
  • Stem Cell Research at Stanford University
  • Research Stem Cell Future Potential at University of South Florida
  • Expecting mothers please visit ACOG - American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists to find cord blood collection practitioner
  • College of Nurse-Midwives supports Cord Blood Storage education
  • Florida Blood Services partner with Family Cord Blood Banks
  • National Hispanic Medical Association partners with Cryo-Cell
  • International Childbirth Education Association logo
  • Stanford University logo
  • University of Central Florida logo
  • ACOG logo
  • American College of Nurse-Midwives logo
  • Florida Blood Services logo
  • National Hispanic Medical Association logo